Orthopaedic Surgeons are trained extensively for diagnosis and treatment of internal injuries and diseases. With the assistance of BMS, Joint Replacement Surgery in Delhi can be done at reasonable cost and could get the quality treatment too. We have the best orthopaedic surgeons in Delhi associated with us which help us deliver you the best treatment options available in India related to Joint Replacement Surgeries.
Our orthopaedic surgeons in Delhi zone are specialized in their field. You can call us or surgeons directly to get the second opinion and we assure you that you will get the complete information related to the disease or injury with a plan of treatment.
We have the best Orthopaedic surgeons in Delhi who all are specialized in the several or certain areas like spine, ankle, knee and foot areas and are well aware of the different characteristics of the musculoskeletal system. Surgical treatment that is performed by these surgeons is Arthroscopy, Fusion, Internal Fixation, Joint Replacement surgery, Osteotomy and Soft tissue repair. The most common type of surgery that is performed Joint replacement surgery.
Orthopaedics or orthopaedic surgery is a medical speciality that is concerned with injuries as well as diseases that occurs because of the body’s musculoskeletal system. The orthopaedic surgeons perform both surgical as well as non-surgical methods of treating injuries, infections, tumours, degenerative diseases, musculoskeletal trauma and congenital disorder. After orthopaedic surgery patients reportedly leads an active normal life.
Joint replacement surgery is a surgery that deals with the removal of arthritic or damaged joint and replacing a new artificial one called prosthesis. This surgery may take place wherever 2 bones join together like knee, finger, elbow, ankle, hip and shoulder. At times the surgeons may only have to replace a particular part of the damaged joint instead of the whole joint. The surgeons usually suggest for the surgery for relieving the patient from pain and immobility.
Joints may get damaged because of arthritis, injuries or because of other diseases. Joints may wear out because of arthritis that may result in pain, stiffness and swelling. For staying healthy our bones needs healthy blood flow, but diseases at times limit the flow of blood that may cause problems. Severe pain in joints and joint damage limit our daily routine activities, thus in such cases joint replacement is the best option. Nowadays, joint replacement surgeries have become very common in Delhi and other parts of the world as well. People adopt this surgery so that they can freely move around without bearing the excessive pain.
Types of Joint Replacement Surgeries
Knee Joint Replacement surgery:
In our body, knee is the largest joint that is required to be fit for doing our daily activities. Knee is made by combining thighbone at lower end, shinbone at upper end and a knee cap. The end of these bones where they touch each other is covered up with articular cartilage that protects our bones and help us to move easily. Knee replacement surgery is also termed as arthroplasty and some even call it as knee surfacing because in this procedure only the bone surface is actually replaced.
Knee joint replacement surgery procedure includes four steps:
- Bone preparation: the damaged cartilage shells at the end of the thighbone and shinbone is removed together with the some underlying bone.
- Positioning the metal implants: the cartilage and bone are then replaced with the metal components that is cemented or press-fit into the bone to recreate the joint surface.
- Resurfacing Patella or kneecap: the surface under the kneecap is cut and resurfaced using a plastic button. Depending on the type of case the orthopaedic surgeons would decide upon resurfacing the kneecap.
- Insertion of Spacer: To create a smooth gliding surface space is inserted.
Hip Replacement surgery:
Hip joint replacement surgery is conducted by an orthopaedic surgeon to replace hip joint with prosthetic implant. Surgeons performs both total and semi replacements as the requirement. In total hip replacement, the surgeon uses ceramic, metal and plastic parts to change the damaged cartilage at the upper end of the femur and resurface the socket of hip in the pelvic bone.
Shoulder Replacement surgery
Shoulder joint replacement surgery is helpful in relieving pain. In this surgery the orthopaedic surgeon removes the damaged part of the shoulder with prosthesis implant. The joining components are placed with help of cement. The components may also be made up with material that may allow growth of the new bone into the joint component that may hold the place without any help of cement.
The shoulder joint replacement surgeons will make a slit or incision over the shoulder joint to open it and then he will perform the following steps:
- Remove the head of humerus i.e. the upper arm bone
- Replace it with new head and fix it in place with cement
- Smoothen the old socket surface and cement the new one there
- Close the incision with staples
- Bandage the wound properly
Ankle Replacement surgery:
Ankle replacement is done to relieve you from pain and retain the mobility of ankle. During this process the joint replacement surgeon replaces the damaged part of the ankle like shin bone or foot bone. The artificial joint is then attached to its place with the help of cement to hold them in place. A small piece of plastic is inserted between the two metal parts of the artificial joints. Once completed the incision part is closed by stapling or suturing.
Recovery as well as Rehabilitation from the joint replacement is different in each surgery depending upon the person. Usually patients are encouraged to use the new joint shortly after the completion of operation. Patients must follow the instructions of the orthopaedic to speed up their recovery. Temporary pain can be experienced in initial days because the body will be adjusting itself with the new joint and the tissues may also take some time to heal. Patients must exercise religiously as instructed by the doctor, because exercising plays an important role in recovery process.