Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Your kidneys are among the essential parts of your body that remove minerals and fluid from the blood and form urine. Though they are supposed to function lifelong, people tend to experience the problem of kidney stones in some cases. There might be various reasons leading to this condition. In this blog, we will explore all about kidney stones including their causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

What Are Kidney Stones?

The major function of your kidneys is to remove waste minerals and fluid from the blood. Sometimes, there might be plenty of waste with a very little amount of fluid present in the blood, and certain substances like oxalate, uric acid, and calcium may join together to form a kidney stone or Renal Calculus. In some cases, these stones might be small enough to exit the human body through urination. However, the bigger ones tend to block the flow of urine and cause pain.

Anyone can suffer from kidney stones. There might be several causes that include:

  • Not drinking enough water
  • Consuming high amounts of calcium, protein, and sugar
  • Obesity
  • Someone in the family having kidney stones
  • Certain surgeries and medications

Common Symptoms

Small kidney stones may easily pass and not cause any problem at all but with larger stones, you may have a few symptoms. You must consider looking for Kidney Stone Treatment in Delhi if you are having any of the following symptoms:

  1. Waves of pain beginning in the side or back and moving towards your testicles or groin
  2. Constantly finding a need to pace up and down as you cannot find a comfortable position
  3. Nausea and vomiting with ongoing pain
  4. Frequent urination
  5. Experiencing pain with/without blood while urinating
  6. Unpleasant-smelling urine
  7. Chills and fever

Diagnosis & Treatment

The size of the kidney stone is the most important factor in determining the process of diagnosis and treatment. Depending on the symptoms you are facing, there might be different tests including:

  • Ultrasound scan
  • X-ray of the abdomen
  • CT Scan
  • Intravenous Urogram (IVU) or Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • Urine test
  • Blood test

An IVU is used for viewing human kidneys. The process involves a necessary intravenous injection of distinct colour that allows the doctor to diagnose the patient’s kidneys and urinary system. However, a CT scan is considered to be the most accurate method for diagnosing kidney stones.

Coming to the treatment part, there are several surgical and non-surgical procedures available that include ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy or also called Lithotripsy), Laser Kidney Stone Treatment, PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy or Keyhole Surgery), and Flexible Ureteroscopy, to name a few. You can get in touch with Best Medical Savings for effective treatment.

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